History of Ahmadu Bello University



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Ahmadu Bello University of Zaria is a federal government research university in Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria, opened in 1962 as the University of Northern Nigeria. It was founded and now bears the name Ahmadu Bello, the first prime minister of northern Nigeria.

The university operates a main campus in Samaru; nearby Kongo satellite and a graduate school in Funtua, about 85 kilometers (53 miles) away. The main campus houses administrative offices and departments of physical sciences, life sciences, social sciences, arts and languages, education, environmental design, engineering, health sciences, science agriculture and research center. Kongo is home to faculties of law and administration, the latter of which are concerned with accounting, business administration, local government and development research as well as public administration.

Undergraduate and graduate programs include associate degrees, professional programs, and complementary courses. The university has one of the largest teaching hospitals in the country to support medical teaching and research.

First year
When Nigeria gained its independence on October 1, 1960, the country had only one university:
The University of Ibadan, founded in 1948. The Ashby Report, published a month before independence, supported the regional government’s proposals for the addition of new universities in three regions of the country. Nigeria and its capital Lagos.

By May 1960, the Northern District had upgraded the School of Arabic Studies in Kano to the Ahmadu Bello College of Arab and Islamic Studies and, according to Ashby’s Report, they decided to establish the University of Northern Nigeria. in Zaria instead of Kano. The new university will take over the facilities of the Nigerian College of Arts, Science and Technology in Samaru; Ahmadu Bello College in Kano; Samaru Agricultural Research Institute; Institute of Administration in Zaria and Institute of Veterinary Research in Vom on the Jos Plateau. The new university establishment law was passed by the Northern Regional Legislature in 1961.

When it opened on October 4, 1962, the university had four faculties and 15 departments.although there are only 426 students.

Department of Microbiology, 2021
The challenges are huge. During 60 years of British colonial rule, education in the North was far behind the two Souths. Few Northern students have the qualifications to go to university, and even fewer Northerners are qualified to teach. Of the original students, only 147 were from the north.

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ABU’s first vice-chancellor was British, as were most faculty appointments. There were only two Nigerians – PhDs in mathematics Iya Abubakar and Adamu Baikie in the faculty of education – in the faculty’s first appointment. The facilities at Samaru’s main campus are inadequate and integration of pre-existing separate facilities is difficult.

However, under New Zealander Vice-Chancellor Norman Alexander, administrative and academic staff were recruited, new departments and programs were established, major construction projects were undertaken and the number of Enrollment of students increased rapidly. At the end of Alexander’s tenure in 1966, one thousand students enrolled.

Mid-1970s
Alexander was replaced by the university’s first Nigerian Vice-Chancellor, Ishaya Shuaibu Audu. He is a pediatrician; former associate professor at the University of Lagos, and Hausa was born in Wusasa, near Zaria.

Ahmadu Bello University was heavily affected by the 1966 anti-Igbo coups and riots, but continued to grow. Enrollment was limited due to A-level training in secondary schools, so in 1968 the university established its own School of Preparatory Studies to provide preparatory training. on campus.
270 Students entering the School of Basic Studies can apply for and complete a bachelor’s degree in four years

Despite objections from the School of Basic Studies, it supplied a large number of applicants for its degree courses, and the university grew rapidly. Ten years after its founding, the school has more than 7,000 students, more than half in degree programs and 2,333 graduates. The University of Ibadan had only 615 graduates in the first ten years.

Campus sign, 2021
The Kongo campus, near the old town of Zaria, teaches public administration and provides continuing education to local governments throughout northern Nigeria. The Faculty of Education also teaches and operates teacher training institutes in the northern states. At the Kano campus, renamed Abdullahi Bayero College, courses in Hausa, Arabic and Islam were taught.

Although established to be the University of Northern Nigeria, commentators have noticed that more than any other university in Nigeria, Ahmadu Bello has served students from all states of the federation of Nigeria.

Faculty staffing to accommodate the growing number of students enrolling and courses may be a limitation during this period. In the early 1970s, relatively abundant funding made it possible to send university executives to foreign educational institutions for higher degrees. A small but growing number of Nigerians with doctoral degrees or other higher degrees have returned from abroad (but ABU has to compete with other Nigerian universities to recruit them). Meanwhile, the appointment of foreign teachers is necessary and it has increased significantly and diverse in nationality. Vice-Chancellor Audu has endeavored to balance the goals of Nigerianization (and “northification”) of ABU faculty with a commitment to maintaining all programs at an international level in terms of academic quality.

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In 1975, this balance was tense. More than half of the lecturers are still foreigners; at a higher level even more so.The growth of the Nigerian staff (and especially the teaching staff from the North) is considered too slow. In 1975, ABU shifted to more emphasis on internal staff development by adopting the Graduate Assistant program. Under this program, the best graduates of the faculty’s undergraduate programs are recruited to join the faculty as training staff and undergo advanced training as they gain experience. work. Within a few years, a significant percentage of ABU’s senior staff came from an in-house training program. Since 1975, the proportion of foreign teachers has decreased rapidly.

further development

Amina Hall, 2021
Since the early 1980s, the university has faced severe funding cuts as the International Monetary Fund and World Bank imposed their structural adjustment program on the country. The value of the Nigerian currency has fallen relative to other currencies and employee wages have fallen in real terms. Funding for the facility, library acquisitions, and other resources have been reduced. Competition for students, staff, and funding with other national institutions in the rapidly expanding university system has increased.

During a peaceful university protest in May 1986 against the implementation of a structural adjustment program, security forces killed 20 protesters and bystanders. Over the years, the ABU has been plagued by political instability in the country. The fact that ABU’s outstanding “national character” (in attracting students and staff from Nigeria’s many unusual regional, ethnic and religious communities) may be why This organization is prone to internal instability. As a result, ABU was one of the universities in Nigeria that suffered the most from the closure. [citation needed]

Senate Building, 2021
However, ABU continues to hold a particularly prominent place among Nigerian universities. Nearly half a century of existence, ABU can boast the largest and most extensive university in sub-Saharan Africa. It covers an area of ​​7,000 hectares (27 sq mi) and includes 12 academic faculties, one graduate school and 82 academic departments. It has five academies, six specialized centers, a division of agricultural colleges, secondary and elementary school of demonstration, and agricultural extension and consulting services that provide services to society at large. . The total number of students enrolled in the university’s degree and junior programs is approximately 35,000, hailing from all states in Nigeria, Africa and the rest of the world. There are approximately 1,400 academics and researchers and 5,000 support staff. The university fosters two new institutions:
Bayero Kano University and Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University of Technology, Bauchi. About 27 institutions of higher education including colleges of education, polytechnics, and schools of basic or preliminary research are affiliated with it.

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Despite the many accomplishments of this prestigious organization, it faces a number of challenges. These challenges vary from section to section. For example, in terms of facilities, the school does not have enough classrooms for students in some areas. Based on this, clashes occurred at the locations, especially in the morning when most classes were held. Again, even for sections with classes, these classes tend to not be appropriate for student numbers. Another still unverified challenge regarding infrastructure is dormitories or dormitories as it is widely called. Student residence halls cannot accommodate all students interested in on-campus residence. As a result, many new students are stuck on campus, especially at the start of the semester, and others are lucky enough to have a squat space with friends and family who already have dorms. stable

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